Vineyards have been cultivated in Crete for about 4,000 years. Wine has been an integral part of Cretan culture for a very long time, as archaeological findings from the Minoan era suggest.
One of the earliest wine presses was found in the area of Archanes in Heraklion, dating back to the Minoan period. During the Venetian period, Cretan wines were famous throughout the known world of the time. In fact, «Malvasia» was the most famous wine in the Middle Ages.
Moderate - and not excessive - consumption of red wine can have a positive impact on human health thanks to the high amount of phenolic compounds and antioxidants it contains. Studies suggest that drinking wine during meals helps prevent cardiovascular diseases.
The native varieties grown in the wine-growing zones of Crete, combined with the modern methods of viticulture, guarantee the production of excellent quality wine with distinctive organoleptic characteristics, making the P.D.O. & P.G.I. wines of the island truly exceptional.
The most renowned white varieties of Crete are: Vilana, Vidianos, Dafni, Thrapsathiri, Malvasia di Candia, Moschato Spinas, Piltos. Among red varieties, the most distinguished are: Kotsifali, Liatiko, Mandilaria and Romeiko.